How Promoting Resilience is Harmful to African-American Families

Resilience theory suggests that we are to encourage  successful adaptations to negative life events, trauma, stress, and other forms of risk. In other words, in the face of adversity, we promote people to perform at optimal or ‘normal’ adaptive levels and work through these situations, events and circumstances. Many African-American families in the United States deal […]

Is Poverty Included Among Adverse Childhood Experiences[ACE]?

Adverse Childhood Experiences[ACE] are loosely defined as extremely stressful events and experiences during one’s childhood years which may also be trauma-inducing. Some of these events are recurring and others can take place one time only. Nonetheless, these ACEs, range from physical, emotional, or sexual abuse to parental divorce or the incarceration of a parent. Abuse and […]