School Funding: Where is the Money Going?

  In typical k-12 public school settings, the current national average student enrollment is around 503 in 2018-19 school year. That’s at least 500 parents and caregivers and that is a big number. School reform, turnaround and improvement is the objective for practically every urban and rural public school in the U.S. Particularly important in […]

Is Poverty Included Among Adverse Childhood Experiences[ACE]?

Adverse Childhood Experiences[ACE] are loosely defined as extremely stressful events and experiences during one’s childhood years which may also be trauma-inducing. Some of these events are recurring and others can take place one time only. Nonetheless, these ACEs, range from physical, emotional, or sexual abuse to parental divorce or the incarceration of a parent. Abuse and […]

Is the Intergenerational Mobility Gap Environmental?

Researchers have just published a new paper about intergenerational mobility among American children. The basic question is whether children generally end up with higher or lower incomes than their parents. This study found that at nearly every income level, black kids are likely to do worse than their parents, and far worse than similar white kids.The black-white […]

How Concentrated Disadvantage Harms Children

  Here is a little[or a lot] of “food for thought”:   Americans, by and large, live next door to people of the same race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Residential segregation by race remains high despite declines over the past several decades, and segregation by income is on the rise. Segregation by race or ethnicity and […]